Common Chick Diseases
What To Look For And How To Treat Common Illnesses
Because chicks live in close quarters and easily can spread disease, raising a healthy flock requires constant vigilance. Watch for any signs of distress or illness, and separate chicks that appear sick. Some of the most common diseases that affect hatchlings and young birds include:
E. Coli (Colicbacillosis)
- Symptoms: fever and lethargy, trouble breathing, diarrhea and coughing
- Impact: high death rate for newly hatched, infected chicks
- Prevention and treatment: Good sanitation is imperative, especially in hatching conditions. Avoid overcrowding and stress. E. Coli is not easily treated, and different strains react to different drugs.
Rot Gut (Necrotic Enteritis)
- Symptoms: diarrhea that that has a rotten odor
- Impact: Rot gut primarily affects 2- to 5-week-old birds.
- Prevention and treatment: Maintain clean conditions and avoid overcrowding to prevent an outbreak. Providing antibiotics through the chicks' drinking water is an effective treatment.
Brooder Pneumonia (Aspergillosis)
- Symptoms: slowed eating, increased drinking, gasping for air
- Impact: Normally occurring in 7- to 40-day-old birds, brooder pneumonia can cause a death rate in up to 50 percent of the flock.
- Prevention and treatment: Because Brooder pneumonia is caused by a fungus, maintaining a clean hatchery and living conditions is vital to controlling the spread. This disease is not curable.
Cold (Infectious Bronchitis)
- Symptoms: heavy breathing, gasping, mucous discharge from eyes, and sneezing
- Impact: The illness spreads easily through air, food and from bird-to-bird contact.
- Prevention and treatment: Giving antibiotics and raising the room's temperature can help treat the cold. Vaccines are available but cannot be used during an outbreak.
Mushy Chick Disease (Omphailits)
- Symptoms: navel infection, unabsorbed yolk sac, dehydration and a putrid smell
- Impact: Infected chicks usually die within a few days of hatching.
- Prevention and treatment: Mushy Chick Disease occurs when a young chick's navel does not heal and becomes inflamed with bacteria. It is important to remove any ill chicks and maintain good sanitation to avoid future outbreaks.
- Symptoms: Sick birds often huddle near heat and experience pasting with light-colored diarrhea.
- Impact: Infected chicks have a high death rate.
- Prevention and treatment: Salmonella is transmitted from the hen through the egg but also can come from contaminated equipment. By law, all contaminated birds must be eradicated.
Alleviating Heat Stress In Chickens
High temperatures and humidity cause heat stress in chickens, reduce broiler production & increase mortality rates. Here are the signs of an...
How to Keep Baby Chicks Warm
Because it is essential that new chicks stay warm without overheating, it’s a good idea to prepare their brooder at least 24 hours before their...
Safe Handling Techniques for Baby Chicks
Practicing safe handling techniques protects both you and your chicks. Start off on the right foot by buying your chicks from a National Poultry...
Building A Chicken Coop
Step By Step Instructions
Building a chicken coop is the first step towards healthier living and saving you dollars at the grocery store. Find what you need to get started at...
Terms Every Chicken Owner Should Know
Newcomers to the world of raising chickens face a whirlwind of new terms and unfamiliar jargon associated with poultry production. Reviewing this...
Protecting Chickens from Predators
Whether you’re in an urban environment or surrounded by acres of land, other critters may want to cash in on the hard work you’re putting into...
How To Care For New Chicks
More and more people each year become interested in raising a small flock of chickens for a hobby or to help lower the family food bills. Get your...
Keep Chickens Well Watered in Summer
Planning for summer chicken care will ensure that your flock has sufficient water on very hot days. The poultry experts at Southern States have some...
Chickens Missing Feathers
Treating Feather Loss In Chickens
It can be a bit unsettling when you notice one or more of your chickens are missing feathers. There can be many reasons for it. We have some helpful...
How to Set Up Your Brooder for New Chicks
A good brooder provides your chicks a safe, clean home with plenty of airflow, warmth, food and water. You can purchase new brooder elements, or you...
Exposing Chicks Pets or Other Animals
4 Tips To Protect Your Chicks
It’s not uncommon for domestic cats and dogs to want to make a tasty treat out of chicks or even full-grown chickens. However, while your pets may...
How to Care For Your New Baby Chicks
Whether you are raising chickens for eggs, meat, or as a hobby, you want to ensure that your brood stays healthy. The experts at Southern States know...
Common Chicken Problems
What To Watch Out For
Maintaining a backyard flock offers great rewards, but it’s not always easy to keep your chickens stress-free — especially when they’re young....
What To Expect With Your First Chicken Eggs
Questions and Answers
It's an exciting time when your hens have reached maturity and are ready to lay eggs. Most hens start to lay eggs around the age of 4 to 6 months...
SKU 11402652Keep chicks healthy with the Sav-A-Chick Electrolyte and Vitamin Supplement. This supplement is appropriate for all domestic poultry and waterfowl. Electrolytes help prevent dehydration, promoting proper blood pH, normal nerve and muscle function, and overall health.
SKU 11402821Formulated specially for poultry, Sav-A-Chick Probiotic Supplement provides beneficial bacteria in the digestive tract to help the bird maintain a healthy digestive system. Convenient, premeasured packet mixes into one gallon of drinking water.
SKU 11402505Help chicks get off to a great start with Manna Pro Non-Medicated Chick Starter. These complete crumbles for chicks, ducklings and goslings contain 18% protein for weight gain and muscle development. Fortified with vitamins and minerals for healthy growth and sound development, Manna Pro Non-Medicated Chick Starter is great for mixed flocks.
SKU 11403682VetRx Poultry Remedy provides effective relief from respiratory diseases in all classes of poultry including bantams, ducks, turkeys, geese and game birds. The formula relieves colds, roup, scaly legs, and eye worm. This product is also effective against mites and ear canker.
SKU 11403205Use Revenge Dust-On to control flies, lice, fleas, ticks and Northern Fowl Mites. This easy to use powder is ideal for use on and around cattle, horses, swine, poultry and dogs. Kills and repels for up to four weeks.
SKU 11431185Prozap Garden And Poultry Dust Insecticide contains .25% Permethrin, in a dust formula, to control northern fowl and chicken mites, lice and bedbugs in poultry and poultry houses, and brown ticks and fleas on dogs and cats. Also controls certain garden variety insects.