Feeding Horses to Prevent Laminitis
Laminitis is a debilitating and costly disease that can affect any horse, and is the most common cause of death due to euthanasia that ranks third in the list behind colic and old age. Laminitis is inflammation of the laminae, which are the microscopic structures that connect the hoof capsule to the coffin bone of the horse’s foot. Severe or clinical laminitis results in separation of the laminae from the coffin bone and pronounced changes in hoof structure and painful lameness, along with costly treatment and the uncertainty of a successful return to a normal condition. While we still don’t understand the exact events that lead to laminitis, we know more about the causes of laminitis than ever before, and prevention is the key. There are three areas in feeding horses that we need to focus on for prevention of laminitis:
- Pasture is the most frequent cause of laminitis for the horse due to excessive consumption of soluble carbohydrates or sugars present in the grass. Managing access to pasture to avoid overgrazing in spring and fall, when grasses are stressed due to freezing or poor fertilization, and when sunlight is abundant and photosynthetic rate is highest in the afternoon; is critical as all of these conditions result in increased sugar content of grass pasture and increased risk for laminitis.
- Horses that become obese can develop insulin resistance and this condition is called equine metabolic syndrome or EMS. Also, pony and certain easy keeper horse breeds are likely to have a genetic predisposition to EMS. Insulin resistance (IR) is characterized by high blood levels of insulin and sometimes high blood glucose levels as well. Horses with IR are more likely to have laminitis and must be managed more carefully to avoid obesity and excessive pasture grazing to reduce the risk of laminitis.
- Equine nutrition research has found that horses with IR have a greater glycemic response to starch and sugar content of horse feeds, which results in higher blood glucose and insulin levels and makes them more likely to have laminitis. Southern States has feeds and feeding recommendations for IR and normal horses to reduce the risk of laminitis, for more information contact your local Southern States store.
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SKU 55507051ProElite Senior is for the aged horse who needs nutritional support for digestion, appearance and performance. ProElite is an ultra-premium horse feed designed to deliver the competitive edge your horses need to stand above the rest. Our formulas are infused with a special blend of ingredients specifically developed to boost performance, speed recovery time, and enhance appearance from the inside out. When your horsesâ health and performance matter most, you want ProElite feeds.
SKU 55394451Legends Sport Horse Plus is a textured, fixed ingredient formula specifically designed for mature horses in moderate to intense performance and show activities. This highly palatable and digestible oat-based feed will provide optimal fuel to maximize your horse's performance. The "Plus" means high fat (10% minimum fat guaranteed) which provides increased calories for stamina and improved body condition under heavy work. Legends is a premium horse feed line, formulated with advanced technology and the most comprehensive current research for your horse's nutritional needs. Legends Sport Horse Feeds are enhanced carbohydrate and fat formulas meeting the needs of performance horses requiring additional stamina and calories.
SKU 55308051Developed specifically for older horses, Triple Crown Senior Formula Textured Horse Feed features a higher nutrient content to compensate for a less than effective digestive system. A higher fat content provides the extra energy older horses need. Plus, it is softer, more easily digested and can be mixed with water to form a mash for horses that experience difficulty chewing and swallowing.
SKU 55394211Legends CarbCare Senior is a fixed ingredient formula specifically designed for the special nutritional needs of older horses. This easy-to-chew feed provides added fat, digestible fiber sources, and is a perfect recommendation for older horses and those with metabolic issues and sensitive digestive systems. Legends is a premium horse feed line, formulated with advanced technology and the most comprehensive current research for your horse's nutritional needs. Our Legends CarbCare Feeds are low carbohydrate formula feeds meeting the needs of horses who require a diet low in sugars and starches.
SKU 55394111Legends CarbCare Performance is a fixed ingredient formula specifically designed for mature horses in moderate to intense performance and show activities. This 10% high fat feed provides increased calories for horses considered hard keepers or those who require prolonged stamina and improved body condition during high performance conditions. In addition, Legends CarbCare Performance is a perfect recommendation for horses with excitability, metabolic issues and sensitive digestive systems. Legends is a premium horse feed line, formulated with advanced technology and the most comprehensive current research for your horse's nutritional needs. Our Legends CarbCare Feeds are low carbohydrate formula feeds meeting the needs of horses who require a diet low in sugars and starches.
SKU 58903291Wrangler 12 Sweet Textured Livestock Feed is designed to feed a wide range of farm animals including adult maintenance horses, weaned cattle and all classes of sheep and goats. The perfect all farm feed, with 12% protein.
SKU 58903571Triumph Select Textured Horse Feed is a textured feed for mature maintenance horses and horses in light work situations. This formula is an economical source of calories and features guaranteed Lysine levels to support muscle development.