Farm Store | articles | How to Grow Cabbage

How to Grow Cabbage

Growing Cabbage In Your Backyard or Garden

Cabbage plant growing in the groundWhen planning your annual vegetable garden, don't forget the cabbage! Cabbage is a great choice for anyone's garden. Did you know that cabbage contains more vitamin C than an orange? In addition, it is a good source of beta carotene and fiber plus it provides a large portion of your daily minerals, including magnesium, calcium and potassium. Here are a few tips from the experts at Southern States on how to grow cabbages in your garden.

What type of cabbage should you grow? There are three main varieties of cabbages. Green cabbage is the most commonly grown. Different varieties of green cabbage can have slight variations in size and color. Red cabbage has deep purple-red leaves and is often used in salads to add color. Savoy cabbage has ruffly leaves that are thinner and more tender than those of the other varieties and it is typically grown for salads.

Cabbages should be grown in the spring or fall with cooler temperatures around 60°F. It is an easy vegetable to grow as long as it gets plenty of sunshine and water. Cabbages can be grown in the ground, in raised beds or even in containers. Grow this vegetable in rich, well-drained soil with a 6.0 – 6.5 pH range.

You can start cabbage seeds indoors about six weeks before moving them outside to their permanent spot in the garden. They should be about 4" tall when transplanted outside. Plant your small cabbage plants 15-18" apart in rows 32-36" apart. Fall season cabbages grow bigger, so you should plant them 24" apart with rows 36" apart. Soak the root ball thoroughly prior to transplanting and use an organic starter fertilizer. Mulch around the plants to protect their shallow root systems. You can also sow cabbage seeds directly into the ground about ¼ - ½" deep. Use the guidelines above for spacing. If planting seeds, the ideal soil temperature should be 70-80°F for optimal germination in 4-7 days.

It's a good idea to plant your cabbages near onions, carrots and any herbs such as thyme, dill, rosemary and oregano. These vegetables and herbs emit an aroma that disguises the scent of cabbages, making it more difficult for pests to find them. Although easy to grow, cabbage plants are susceptible to certain garden diseases and pests. Common problems to look for include: club root, yellows or fusarium wilt, blackrot, aphids, cutworms and cabbage worms. Crop rotation, proper soil care and the use of row covers in the early part of the growing season can help ensure a good harvest. Talk to your Southern States expert about other ways to prevent or eliminate pests and diseases on your cabbage crop.

Cabbages will mature and be ready to harvest 60 - 90 days after germination depending on the variety and time of year planted. Cabbage heads are ready to harvest any time after the head develops. They should be firm and the interior should be dense. If left on the plant to over-ripen, the cabbage head will split. To remove, simply cut the cabbage head from the stem. Store in a cool location.

For all of your gardening questions, rely on the experts at your local Southern States.

Shop Lettuce And Cabbage

Related Products

Grid View
List View
  • Potato Kennebec 1 lb

    SKU 02180211
    Perfect for culinary needs, the Kennebec Potato features a medium maturity rate with a high yield of large oblong tubers. You can tell these potatoes apart from others because of their white skin and white flesh. Their specific gravity ranges from 1.075 to 1.100. Excellent for baking, boiling, chipping and frying. Price above represents a per pound price for a 50 lb. bag.
    to see pricing & availability
  • Potato Red Pontiac 1 lb

    SKU 02180271
    Red Pontiac Potato features a late maturity and is a mid-season table stock with a high yielding return and medium specific gravity. Tubers are round to oblong with medium deep eyes, dark red skin, sometimes netted and white flesh. This seed is drought tolerant but susceptible to potato virus Y, bruising and scab. Price above represents a per pound price for a 50 lb. bag.
    to see pricing & availability
  • Potato Yukon Gold 1 lb

    SKU 02180421
    Yukon Gold Potato features a medium maturity, mid-season table stock and yellow flesh. Guaranteed to produce a high yield with a high specific gravity. Tubers are oval with shallow pink eyes and a yellowish-buff skin. Susceptible to scab but resistant to potato virus A and potato leaf roll virus. Price above represents a per pound price for a 50 lb. bag.
    to see pricing & availability
  • Potato Red Norland 1 lb

    SKU 02180291
    Excellent for boiling and frying, the Red Norland Potato 1 lb Bag features an oblong tuber, smooth and flattened shape, and a medium red color. This seed is widely accepted and has an early maturity rate. Price above represents a per pound price for a 50 lb. bag.
    to see pricing & availability
  • Purple-Top White Globe Turnip

    SKU 02020332
    The classic turnip. Purple-Top White Globe Turnips have medium-large tops, are dark green and erect. Root is 4" to 5" in diameter and globe shaped. Frost adds flavor, keeps well, and matures in 55 days.
    to see pricing & availability
  • Dwarf Siberian Kale

    SKU 02020144
    Dwarf Siberian Kale is perfect for home and market gardens, as well as freezing. This resilient and hardy plant stays low and spreads with large, thick leaves. Matures in 60 days.
    to see pricing & availability
  • Southern States Premium Vegetable Grower Fertilizer 40 lb

    SKU 60033156
    Southern States Premium Vegetable Grower Fertilizer features a blend that can be used with a wide variety of vegetables and fruits. This fertilizer provides all the nutrients needed for a strong garden. AVAIL technology makes needed phosphorus more available to the plant. Comes in a convenient bag for easy spreading.
    to see pricing & availability
  • Onion Yellow 1 lb

    SKU 02180010
    Price above represents a per pound price for a 32lb bag. Onion Sets, or "baby" onions, are used to grow green and/or dry onions. Taking about 4 to 5 weeks to mature, plant these seeds in your garden in either late fall or early spring to achieve green onions. If left in for the full 90-day maturity period, you will have dry onions in late July or early August.
    to see pricing & availability

Find Your Nearest Southern States Location

Sales & Offers